Teen Pregnancies Linked to Sex-Laced TV, Study Shows

November 4, 2008

Groundbreaking research suggests that pregnancy rates are much higher
among teens who watch a lot of TV with sexual dialogue and behavior
than among those who have tamer viewing tastes.

“Sex and the City,” anyone? That was one of the shows used in the research.

The new study is the first to link those viewing habits with
teen pregnancy, said lead author Anita Chandra, a Rand Corp. behavioral
scientist. Teens who watched the raciest shows were twice as likely to
become pregnant over the next three years as those who watched few such

Previous research by some of the same scientists had already
found that watching lots of sex on TV can influence teens to have sex
at earlier ages.

Shows that highlight only the positive aspects of sexual
behavior without the risks can lead teens to have unprotected sex
“before they’re ready to make responsible and informed decisions,”
Chandra said.

The study was released Monday in the November issue of
Pediatrics. It involved 2,003 12- to 17-year-old girls and boys
nationwide questioned by telephone about their TV viewing habits in
2001. Teens were re-interviewed twice, the last time in 2004, and asked
about pregnancy. Among girls, 58 became pregnant during the follow-up,
and among boys, 33 said they had gotten a girl pregnant.

Participants were asked how often they watched any of more than
20 TV shows popular among teens at the time or which were found to have
lots of sexual content. The programs included “Sex and the City,” “That
’70s Show” and “Friends.”

Pregnancies were twice as common among those who said they
watched such shows regularly, compared with teens who said they hardly
ever saw them. There were more pregnancies among the oldest teens
interviewed, but the rate of pregnancy remained consistent across all
age groups among those who watched the racy programs.

Chandra said TV-watching was strongly connected with teen
pregnancy even when other factors were considered, including grades,
family structure and parents’ education level.

But the study didn’t adequately address other issues, such as
self-esteem, family values and income, contends Elizabeth Schroeder,
executive director of Answer, a teen sex education program based at
Rutgers University.

“The media does have an impact, but we don’t know the full
extent of it because there are so many other factors,” Schroeder said.

But Bill Albert, chief program officer at the nonprofit
National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, praised the study and said
it “catches up with common sense.”

“Media helps shape the social script for teenagers. Most
parents know that. This is just good research to confirm that,” Albert

Still, U.S. teen pregnancies were on a 15-year decline until a
3 percent rise in 2006, the latest data available. Experts think that
could be just be a statistical blip.

And Albert noted that the downward trend occurred as TV shows
were becoming more sexualized, confirming that “it’s not the only

Psychologist David Walsh, president of the National Institute
on Media and the Family, cited data suggesting only about 19 percent of
American teens say they can talk openly with a trusted adult about sex.
With many schools not offering sex education, that leaves the media to
serve as a sex educator, he said.

“For a kid who no one’s talking to about sex, and then he
watches sitcoms on TV where sex is presented as this is what the cool
people do,” the outcome is obvious, Walsh said.

He said the message to parents is to talk to their kids about
sex long before children are teens. Parents also should be watching
what their kids watch and helping filter messages sex-filled shows are
sending, he said.

Source: Christian Post

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